Singh, M. S., Z. Kuang, E. D. Maloney, W. M. Hannah, B. O. Wolding, 2017: Increasing potential for intense tropical and subtropical thunderstorms under global warmingProc. Natl. Acad. Sci., In Press.

Hannah, W. M., 2017: Entrainment vs. Dilution in Tropical Deep Convection. J. Atmos. Sci., In Press.

Hannah, W. M., and A. Aiyyer, 2017: Reduced African Easterly Wave Activity with Quadrupled CO2 in the Super-Parameterized CESM. J. Climate308253–8274

Russell, J. O., A. Aiyyer, J. D. White, and W. M. Hannah, 2017: Revisiting the Connection Between African Easterly Waves and Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43.

Hannah, W. M., B. E. Mapes, and G. S. Elsaesser, 2016: A Lagrangian View of Moisture Dynamics During DYNAMO. J. Atmos. Sci., 73, 1967-1985.

Hannah, W. M., E. D. Maloney, and M. S. Pritchard, 2015: Consequences of Systematic Model Drift in DYNAMO Hindcasts with SP-CAM and CAM5J. Adv. Model. Earth Sys., 7.

Hannah, W. M., and E. D. Maloney, 2014: The moist static energy budget in NCAR CAM5 Hindcasts during DYNAMOJ. Adv. Model. Earth Sys., 6, 420-440.

Hannah, W. M., and E. D. Maloney, 2011: The Role of Moisture-Convection Feedbacks in Simulating the Madden-Julian OscillationJ. Climate, 24, 2754-2770.

Maloney, E. D., A. H. Sobel, and W. M. Hannah, 2010: Intraseasonal Variability in an Aquaplanet General Circulation ModelJ. Adv. Modeling.Earth. Sys, 2, 24 pp.

Matsumoto, H., R. P. Dziak, D. K. Mellinger,M. Fowler, J. Haxel, A. Lau, C. Meinig, J Bumgardner, and W. M. Hannah, 2006: Autonomous Hydrophones at NOAA/OSU and a New Seafloor Sentry System for Real-time Detection of Acoustic Events,
Oceans’06 MTS/IEEE-Boston, Boston, MA, 18–21 September 2006, 4 pp.

Conference Presentations

2016AMS Tropical Entrainment and Dilution in Tropical Deep ConvectionoralSan Juan, PR
2014AMS Tropical Conference DYNAMO Hindcasts with SP-CAMoral & posterSan Diego, CA
2014AGU Fall Meeting A Lagrangian View of Moisture-Convection Dynamicsoral & posterSan Francisco, CA
2014Research IntersectionsClimate Model Data For Non-Climate ScientistsoralMiami, FL
2013Young Scientist Symposium
on Atmospheric Research
The Moist Static Energy Budget in DYNAMO HindcastsoralFort Collins, CO
2013AGU Fall Meeting The MSE Budget in Hindcast Experiments During DYNAMOposterSan Francisco, CA
2012MJO Workshop posterHonolulu, HI
2012NOAA Climate Diagnostics
and Prediction Workshop
posterFort Collins, CO
2012Young Scientist Symposium
on Atmospheric Research
Height Variable Entrainment in a GCMoralFort Collins, CO
2012AGU Fall Meeting Vertically Varying Cumulus Entrainment and Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves in a GCMposterSan Francisco, CA
2011CMMAP Winter Team Meeting oralBerkeley, CA
2010AMS Tropical Conference The Role of Moisture-Convection Feedbacks in Simulating the MJOoralTucson, AZ
2008AGU Fall Meeting Investigating the Sensitivity of Model Intraseasonal Variability to Minimum Entrainment DetailsposterSan Francisco, CA

Paper Discussions

Computer Tips / Tricks

Atmospheric Model Info


PhD Dissertation

Tropical Deep Convection, Entrainment, and Dilution
during the DYNAMO Field Campaign

The bulk of my dissertation was about making the distinction between entrainment and dilution in convection. The word “entrainment” is often used to imply that it is synonymous with dilution. I set out to answer whether this was the case by devising a method for directly measuring dilution. Dilution varies a lot depending on what quantity is being diluted, and this can get very complicated when a quantity is not conserved for moist adiabatic processes. For example, buoyancy and total water will have very different dilution rates for the same rate of mass entrainment.

Masters Thesis

The Role of Moisture-Convection Feedbacks in
Simulating the Intraseasonal Oscillation

My master’s thesis analyzed the sensitivity of the NCAR Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) to varying strength of the Tokioka et al. (1988) minimum entrainment threshold which suppresses deep convection. Increasing this threshold enhances the tropical intraseasonal variability in the model and produces a more coherent MJO as well as a drier and colder mean climate in the model. The Gross Moist Stability (GMS; see Raymond et al. 2009) was also reduced which may be responsible for allowing the model to build up the large-scale moisture anomalies associated with the MJO. Further analysis showed that changes to the time mean GMS is not a reliable metric for diagnosing the model’s ability to simulate a realistic MJO. This is because further CAM simulations which used an alternative method to enhance the MJO did not exhibit this change to the mean GMS. It appears that looking at the intraseasonal fluctuations of GMS provides a better diagnostic for assessing a model’s ability to sustain MJO variability.

Undergraduate Research

Internal Rays of the Mandelbrot Set

My undergraduate thesis focused on mapping the internal structure of the Mandelbrot set (see image below) by projecting a unit disc and the associated internal rays onto the various cardiod and circular bulbs of the Mandelbrot set. The points within these bulbs are associated with a specific period of attracting cycle for a certain connected Julia set defined by some hyperbolic polynomial. I was able to find a relationship between the period of a given bulb and the period of an attached bulb based on the angle of the internal ray which projects onto the connection point. None of this is particularly useful, but it was an interesting project that I really enjoyed working on with my advisor Dave Brown.

SOSUS Hydrophone Data Acquisition System
for Geo-Acoustic Montioring

I did a few internships during my undergraduate days at the Hatfield Marine Science Center (HMSC) with Bob Dziak’s Geo-Acoustics group. The first summer I was there I developed software to record acoustic data from the SOSUS hydrophone array which is operating at the Whidbey Island naval base in Puget Sound.

QUEphone: An Autonomous “Quasi-Eulerian”
Geo-Acoustic Hydrophone

The second summer at HMSC I was able to work on another hydrophone project called the Quasi-Eulerian Hydrophone (QUEphone). The QUEphone is an ARGO float with a hydrophone. This device can control its own buoyancy so that it can move up and down in the water column, which allows near real-time monitoring of acoustic events. Most of the time the float sits on the ocean floor and listens for seismic events. If a significant event occurs the float can pop up to the surface and communicate to the land station via satellite. This has many applications including early tsunami warning, but also offers a cheap alternative to acoustic monitoring with a moored hydrophone array which requires a ship to retrieve the data. When the QUEphone is ascending/descending it gets pushed around by the ocean currents so it can’t be as accurate for locating the source of seismic events as a moored hydrophone array, which is why it’s called Quasi-Eulerian.